عنوان مقاله [English]
Some Quranic scholars believe that for some verses of the Quran to imply their meanings they require some productions of the theoretical reason. However, features of the Quran show that although it is addressed to rational humans, for it to imply its meanings it never needs arguments constructed by human reasons, and to claim otherwise is contrary to the principles. The Quran is addressed to “al-nās” (people), which include both those familiar with arguments of the theoretical reason and those unfamiliar therewith. The Quran has characterized itself as “manifest light,” “clarification,” “guidance,” and proof for beliefs and practice. Moreover, to claim that the Quran needs theoretical reasoning goes against the general challenge (taḥaddī) of the Quran, its miraculous character, its authoritativeness as evidence for the rightfulness of the Prophet, and the principle that every thought should be contrasted to the Quran in order to be verified. Such a claim implies an imperfection of the Quran in its power to imply its meanings. This research is done with an analytic-critical and documentary method. It is diametrically opposed to superficialism (ẓāhirīyya), and is intended to show the perfectness of the Quran and block ways of personal interpretations thereof. According to this theory, the reason or intellect should try to enhance its understanding and an exegete is, of course, allowed to make rational inferences and abstractions, but these have no role in completing the implication of Quranic verses.