عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Heidegger – as one of the deepest contemporary thinkers- has made a new plan in philosophical anthropology. He maintains the closeness between the human and the world, and traces all the humans problems since the Platonic period to the present time back to the human-world detachment. If the human-world relation takes the desired form, the humans will actualize all his essential capacities, the thought furnishes, and the language will take the direction of expressing the truth. On this view, the human is not taken to be the master of the universe; rather he is the shepherd of the world. Thus the human does not consider theearth to be a manipulation source, but as a house of transcendence and development. Heidegger takes thought and language as two significant factors of the human approach to the world. In his view, the folk superficial understanding, radical instrumentalism, and the common metaphysics in the philosophical thought are the main obstacles to this approach. He maintains that the nature of the human is confined in subjectivity and the rational animal. Limited to his own self and is detached from the world, the human being is immersed in thoughtlessness and ignorance, and this is the source of all calamities, since the human detached from the world is like a rootless tree which is not expected to bear a fruit. Thus human beings try to dominate one another and the nature to their own satisfaction, and never think of the consequences of their own actions.