عنوان مقاله [English]
Death is a key concept in şadrā’s view. He believes that death is the soul’s transcendence over the body. In his view, death does not just occur as a metaphysical necessity; rather, one can separate their own soul and body with their efforts. The question is: How does death turn from a transcendental necessity to a human phenomenon and how it comes to have a relation with the human will. This article draws on the descriptive-analytic method to show how şadrā establishes a relation between death and philosophy, on the one hand, and death and moral will and purification, on the other hand. A reference to şadrā’s works reveals that voluntary death, moral will, and philosophy all require detachment from bodily belongings and lead to the soul’s existential perfection toward the intellectual degree. This shared fundamental characteristic paves the path for establishment of a relation among the three concepts and transition from one to the others in şadrā’s view.