عنوان مقاله [English]
The question of meaning of life, for Kant as one of the effective modern philosophers, has more important, since he, in the sections of his epistemology, ethics and philosophy of religion, tries to give certain answers to some fundamental questions of meaning of life which his replies has have extensive effects on the process of philosophy after him. Kant by relying on epistemological and ontological humanism in his epistemological thought, restricts meaningfulness within the material world and empirical sciences boundaries, and negates it from metaphysics. He, then, in his ethics, by focusing on human who is the foundation and end of morality, provides moral answers for metaphysical questions about God, freedom and immortality, and then religion is depended on human. Therefore, he tries to demystify of religion and converting it to humanly and moral one according to human rationality in which God completely is the servant of human's desires. The result of Kant's thought, first is to create a modern meaning for human's life, but finally his exaggerate in humanism and introducing humanly interpretations of ethics and religion, was led to relative and plural religion and ethics, and to reduce or destroy their efficacy in order to answer human's fundamental questions, and taking his/her real happiness which is the same as meaningless of human's modern life.