عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
One of the most important issues in metaethics is the meaning of "Good". There are different cognition and non-cognition theories in this issue. Nowell-Smith, the English contemporary philosopher, believes that the meaning of Good is not anything other its uses in different contexts. "Good" is a Janus-word and multi-function. We have to notice the different contexts of using "Good" to know its meanings. He divides the uses of "good" into two sections: 1) two main uses of "good" for choice and advice and 2) six other uses of it for praising and Applauding, Commending, Verdicts and Appraisals, Efficiency, skill and Description. Nowell-Smith with dividing the words into (A), (G) and (D) words believe that "Good" can be used as an emotional word for expressing interest and encourage and as an ought word for expressing an action is apt to do or choice. He critiques other ethical theories because of reducing the functions of "good" in a single case. He believes that "good" has two functions at least in one use of it. For example the sentence of "Justice is good" could be used to advice justice to others or commend it to them or praise it or encourage people to do that or other things.