عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, the examination of the meaning and the nature of the meaning of life has turned into a significant problem in philosophy of life, which is not irrelevant to important issues such as value, purpose, God, death, and faith. In the meanwhile, influential authors in literature and philosophy have, in addition to their deep concerns with the problem of the meaning of life, brought about admirable analyses and meaning transformations for their readers. Tolstoy, the influential author in the 19th century, was deeply concerned with the problem of meaning, value, nihilism, and God, in his work, such as A Confession, Ana Karenina, War and Peace, and The Death of Ivan Ilyich. A detailed consideration of Tolstoy’s work and life reveals that he passed through three stages of the meaning of life—the meaning as moral perfection as the value, the meaning as the achievement of money, fame and wealth as purposes, and the meaning as value of the life obtained through qualities or actions—to come with a value in the fourth stage of his life that is obtained in light of a renewed faith in God.