عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The relation between sciences and religion has been studied from different points of view, but it has not been studied much from the viewpoint of issues in ʾUsūl al-fiqh (the principles of the Islamic jurisprudence). In this paper, I will study the influence of empirical sciences on knowing the apparent meanings of the verbal evidence of the Quran and the tradition, replying on knowing the underlying reasons of the laws of sharia. I have sought to formulate these in terms of some rules. Some of these rules are as follows: the scientific interpretation can be accepted just in case it fits the type apparent meanings of the time when the law was issued; the new fitting is accepted in the case of the earlier apparent meaning without the new apparent meaning; the new apparent meaning is reliable because of the scientific result in addition to an error in the previous apparent meaning; and the new apparent meaning—which is based on scientific results—can deepen the previous apparent meaning.