عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
In this paper, I introduce the causal version of property emergentism as an alternative for reductionism. After that, I show that the property of qualitative consciousness has the characteristics of emergent properties. Then, I elaborate the substance emergentism thesis and distinguish three versions of it. In the final section, I consider the relationship between four mentioned versions of emergentism with afterlife doctrines, both in embodied and disembodied states and identify necessary conditions for consistency of the considered versions with the afterlife doctrines.