عنوان مقاله [English]
The concept of "self" is very significant in moral philosophy. The definition of this concept and the demarcation of self and the other have important repercussions in the formation of a moral theory. Ayn Rand and Aristotle have considered the problem of self in their moral theories, and they delimited their theories accordingly. A significant part of Rand’s moral theory is influenced by Aristotelian principles. Rand’s theory of human person as well as her emphasis on the role of rationality in ethics has an Aristotelian character, but there are significant differences between their respective moral theories that I think are rooted in their differences over the concept of the self in a moral sense and the relation between the self and the other. In this paper, I seek to elaborate the limits of the self in the moral theories of Rand and Aristotle, and then compare this concept in their views and explain its consequences in their moral theories.