عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
In this paper, I will first explicate the doctrine of double effect (DDE)_the effect of intentions on the legitimacy of an action_and then present the arguments provided by opponents of DDE. I will then examine the replies by proponents of DDE, together with evidence they have provided for their theories. I evaluate the views of the both sides, and seek to show that the arguments provided by the opponents of DDE are not cogent enough to undermine the intuitive appeal of DDE. Finally, I will compare this issue with views in Usul al-fiqh (principles of the Islamic jurisprudence) regarding the effect of intention on the legitimacy of an action_I suggest that they seem sympathetic to a principle like DDE. I also discuss the problem of effrontery (tajarri) in Usul al-fiqh that has led to controversies over the effect of an agent's bad intentions on the illegitimacy of his action. I will show that the proponents of such an effect have a stronger argument.